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Frequently Asked Questions

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How to diagnose or prevent Coccidiosis? fullscreen
Predilection Site (Necropsy) Intestines, Cecum
Distinguishing Lesions to look for during Necropsy Swollen cecum with presence of blood, Hemorrhage in the lining of the cecum
Differential Diagnosis IBD (dehydration and ruffled feathers)
Pathognomonic Signs Bloody diarrhea
Predilection Common to young birds below 4 months of age
Prevention Vaccination with Coccidiosis vaccine (Coccivacc)
Treatment Toltrazuril. Consult your Salto Gamefowl Specialist for proper diagnosis.
How to diagnose or prevent Avian Malaria? fullscreen
Predilection Site (Necropsy) Liver, Spleen
Distinguishing Lesions to look for during Necropsy Enlarged liver and kidney, often black or dark colored
Differential Diagnosis Mareks (wasting and paleness), NCD (greenish diarrhea)
Pathognomonic Signs Greenish diarrhea, pale face with signs of wasting
Predilection NONE
Prevention NONE
Treatment Chloroquine, Sulfamides. Consult your Salto Gamefowl Specialist for proper diagnosis.
How to diagnose or prevent Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD)? fullscreen
Predilection Site (Necropsy) Oronasal cavity, Air sac
Distinguishing Lesions to look for during Necropsy Presence of mucus in the oronasal cavity, Thickening of the air sacs with bubble like and cheesy like exudates, Arthritis
Differential Diagnosis ILT, IB and Coryza (respiratory signs)
Pathognomonic Signs NONE
Predilection NONE
Prevention Vaccination with Live or Killed Mycoplasma gallisepticum bacterin (Intraocular, subcutanous or intramuscular)
Treatment Tylosin, Macrolides. Consult your Salto Gamefowl Specialist for proper diagnosis."
How to diagnose or prevent Fowl Cholera? fullscreen
Predilection Site (Necropsy) Comb and wattles, Liver, Intestines, Joints (knee)
Distinguishing Lesions to look for during Necropsy Inflamed comb and wattles, Cyanosis of the head, Discoloration of the liver, Enteritis, Swollen joints
Differential Diagnosis NCD (acute deaths and salivation), CRD (inflammation of the joints/arthritis)
Pathognomonic Signs Yellowish foul odored diarrhea, Sudden acute deaths
Predilection Common to adult birds
Prevention Vaccination with Fowl Cholera Killed Vaccine
Treatment Sulfonamides, Quinolones. Consult your Salto Gamefowl Specialist for proper diagnosis.
How to diagnose or prevent Fowl Typhoid/Salmonellosis? fullscreen
Predilection Site (Necropsy) Small and large intestines
Distinguishing Lesions to look for during Necropsy Enteritis, Ballooning of the intestines
Differential Diagnosis IBD (whitish diarrhea)
Pathognomonic Signs Pasty vent, Whitish watery diarrhea
Predilection NONE
Prevention NONE
Treatment Sulphonamides, Neomycintetracyclines, Amoxycillin, Fluoroquinolones. Consult your Salto Gamefowl Specialist for proper diagnosis.
How to diagnose or prevent Coryza? fullscreen
Predilection Site (Necropsy) Face, Oronasal cavity
Distinguishing Lesions to look for during Necropsy Foul smelling mucus discharge in the nasal cavity
Differential Diagnosis ILT and IB (respiratory symptoms, bulging of the eyes), Mycolplasma (respiratory signs like flu and cough)
Pathognomonic Signs Swollen face with foul smelling nasal mucus discharge
Predilection NONE
Prevention Vaccination with Killed Coryza Vaccine (subcutaneous or intramuscular)
Treatment Streptomycin, Dihydrostreptomycin, Sulphonamides, Tylosin, Erythromycin. Consult your Salto Gamefowl Specialist for proper diagnosis.
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How to diagnose or prevent Infectious Bronchitis (Variant)? fullscreen
Predilection Site (Necropsy) Reproductive system
Distinguishing Lesions to look for during Necropsy NONE
Differential Diagnosis NONE
Pathognomonic Signs Causes egg drop, Soft shelled eggs and mis-shapen eggs, Whitish diarrhea
Predilection NONE
Prevention Vaccination with IB Vaccine (Intraocular or Intranasal)
Treatment Antibiotics for secondary bacterial infection. Consult your Salto Gamefowl Specialist for proper diagnosis.
How to diagnose or prevent Infectious Bronchitis (IB)? fullscreen
Predilection Site (Necropsy) Trachea, Eyes
Distinguishing Lesions to look for during Necropsy Mucus plug in the trachea and bifurcation of the posterior part of the trachea, Bulging swollen eyes with mucus in the nasal cavity
Differential Diagnosis ILT (respiratory symptoms, bulging of the eyes and gasping), Coryza (swelling of the face), Mycoplasma (respiratory signs like sipon and halak)
Pathognomonic Signs Bulging/swelling of the eyes with respiratory signs like flu and cough
Predilection NONE
Prevention Vaccination with IB Vaccine (Intraocular or Intranasal)
Treatment Antibiotics for secondary bacterial infection. Consult your Salto Gamefowl Specialist for proper diagnosis.
How to diagnose or prevent Infectious Laryngotracheitis (ILT)? fullscreen
Predilection Site (Necropsy) Trachea, Eyes
Distinguishing Lesions to look for during Necropsy Petechial hemorrhages in the inner lining of the trachea, Swollen bulging eyes, Blood plug in the trachea
Differential Diagnosis IB (respiratory symptoms bulging of the eyes and gasping), Coryza (swelling of the face), Mycoplasma (respiratory signs like flu and cough)
Pathognomonic Signs Coughing of blood, Petechial hemorrhages in the trachea
Predilection NONE
Prevention Vaccination with live or recombinant ILT Vaccine (Introcular or Intranasal)
Treatment Antibiotics for secondary bacterial infection. Consult your Salto Gamefowl Specialist for proper diagnosis.
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How to diagnose or prevent Fowl Pox? fullscreen
Predilection Site (Necropsy) Oral cavity, Unfeathered skin, Scales
Distinguishing Lesions to look for during Necropsy Scabs in the skin and cheesy like growth in the oral cavity (wet type)
Differential Diagnosis Mareks (skin sarcomas), Canker (sampaga)
Pathognomonic Signs Lesions/scabs in the skin, Cheesy like growth in the oral cavity
Predilection NONE
Prevention Vaccination with Fowl Pox Vaccine (Wing web)
Treatment Antibiotics for secondary bacterial infection. Consult your Salto Gamefowl Specialist for proper diagnosis.
How to diagnose or prevent Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) or Gumboro? fullscreen
Predilection Site (Necropsy) Pectoral muscles, Proventricular-ventricular junction, Bursa of fabricius
Distinguishing Lesions to look for during Necropsy Petechial hemorrhages in the pectoral muscle; Petechial hemorrhage in the proventricular-ventricular junction; Inflammed or atrophied bursa of fabricius
Differential Diagnosis Salmonellosis (white diarrhea); Coccidiosis ( dehydration and ruffled feathers)
Pathognomonic Signs Ruffled feathers, Whitish watery diarrhea
Predilection Common only to 4 months old below chickens
Prevention Vaccination with IBD Vaccine (Oral)
Treatment Antibiotics for secondary bacterial infection. Consult your Salto Gamefowl Specialist for proper diagnosis.
How to diagnose or prevent Newcastle Disease (ND)? fullscreen
Predilection Site (Necropsy) Proventriculus, Illocecal junction, Sciatic nerve, Intestines, Nasal cavity
Distinguishing Lesions to look for during Necropsy Petechial hemorrhages in the proventriculus, Hemorrhageic intestines, Petechial hemorrhage in the ileocecal junction
Differential Diagnosis Fowl cholera (acute deaths and salivation), Malaria (greenish diarrhea)
Pathognomonic Signs Torticollis, Greenish diarrhea
Predilection NONE
Prevention Vaccination with NCD vaccine (Intraocular or Intranasal)
Treatment Antibiotics for secondary bacterial infection. Consult your Salto Gamefowl Specialist for proper diagnosis.
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How to diagnose or prevent Lymphoid Leukosis? fullscreen
Predilection Site (Necropsy) Liver, Spleen, Bursa
Distinguishing Lesions to look for during Necropsy Neoplastic tumor growths in the liver spleen and bursa
Differential Diagnosis Mareks (tumor formation, blinding), Fowlpox (sarcomas in the skin), Avian malaria (wasting, paleness)
Pathognomonic Signs Hurdle paralysis, blindness (only difference with Mareks is its mode of transmission which is vertical while Mareks is horizontally transmitted)
Predilection Affects mostly adult birds since it is like cancer in humans where tumors develop in time
Prevention Consult your Salto Gamefowl Specialist for proper diagnosis.
Treatment Antibiotics for secondary bacterial infection. Consult your Salto Gamefowl Specialist for proper diagnosis.
How to diagnose or prevent Mareks disease? fullscreen
Predilection Site (Necropsy) Multi-systemic, eyes, sciatic nerve, skin
Distinguishing Lesions to look for during Necropsy Discoloration of the eyes, Inflammed sciatic nerves, Multi systemic tumors
Differential Diagnosis Lymphoid leukosis (tumor formation, blinding), Fowlpox (sarcomas in the skin), Avian Malaria (wasting,paleness)
Pathognomonic Signs Hurdle paralysis, blindness
Predilection Affects mostly adult birds since it is like cancer in humans where tumors develop in time
Prevention Mareks vaccine must be given to day old chick via subcutaneous injection
Treatment Antibiotics for secondary bacterial infection. Consult your Salto Gamefowl Specialist for proper diagnosis.